World population keeps increasing. Humanity spreads all over the world just like a cancer, causes other species to go extinct, and changes the face of the earth.
It was easy before civilization. And it still is, in the nature. Population increases geometrically (2,4,8,16,…), but food supply, or resources either don’t increase, or they increase arithmetically (1,2,3,4,…). This means more living beings than the resources could support, and the result is the survival of the fittest. The ones that fit the environment better or have advantages tend to survive, and the others die. And as many people know, this is the driving force behind the process of natural selection.
So, mother nature balances itself, and it is via the death of the excess population.
This also applied to humans in the distant past, mostly before civilization. As a part of the animal kingdom, humans were also subject to the same rules. Even after the civilization, the population was kept in check, or only increased slowly, due to war, famine and poverty.
Whatever happened, happened after the civilization and technology advanced to the level of the recent times. Advanced agriculture and farming techniques made it possible to produce a lot more food than before. Advanced medicine made it possible for humans to live longer and healthier. And war doesn’t have as much effect in population control as it did in the past, since we passed a threshold in weaponry and destruction potential that would destroy the whole life on the planet many times over, if we were to use nuclear weapons. This acts as a deterrent in the engagement of war nowadays, and even though there is still a chance that humans will be foolish enough to use those weapons and destroy everything on earth, at least for now, it appears that the wars are not as deadly as it would be required to control the population. Death toll in today’s wars are usually negligible in terms of population control.
The only good news is that, in the advanced nations, the population increase is under control. In fact, it decreases in some of them. Malthus principle on population is not valid in advanced nations. This represents a major leap from the animal kingdom for humans, but in the advanced nations only.
In the underdeveloped, or developing countries, population continues to increase rapidly. Economic relationships in the world, accumulation of wealth by a small percentage, and income inequality makes it difficult for these countries to join the others. Therefore, the net population in the world continues to increase at an alarming rate.
All this raises questions for the future of humanity, but considering the issue at a smaller scale helps us understand some of the economic and political problems we encounter in our everyday life.
For example, why is it difficult to find jobs? For young people, or for everyone at any age group, there is a challenge in finding the desired career opportunities. Or, even if they find the jobs, many people do not have fulfilling careers, or they cannot advance in their careers as quickly as they desire.
Why is it difficult to get rich, or to accumulate wealth?
Why do you always have to fight, or struggle in life?
All this is caused by competition, and the main reason for competition is high population.
The effect of population in the future of humanity is even more perilous, and the only hope of humanity is probably colonizing other planets, or traveling to other start systems, etc in the distant future. But this is not today’s concern, and it will not help us with today’s problems.
Population increase affects our world today, and causes us many problems. We need to understand what we can do today, or if we can even do anything.
Poverty and lack of resources causes population increase. This is counter intuitive, and you would expect the opposite actually, you would think that one would want to reproduce only if they have the necessary resources to provide for their young, but the opposite is true, and this phenomenon has been demonstrated by many studies. And for the purpose of this article, it is not important to understand why. We will just take this conclusion, and use it to help with our reasoning.
We know the population increase is under control in advanced countries. In fact, they often have the opposite problem (population decrease). We also see that other countries have difficulty joining these advanced countries, and population plays a role in this too. High population makes it difficult for them to advance. Maybe not directly, but it has an indirect effect. High and rapidly increasing population makes it difficult for a country to advance and to get rich, but at the same time, the fact that the country is underdeveloped is a direct cause for high population growth. So, there is a vicious cycle here, and it is not clear how to break it. To understand this, we may need to look at how the advanced countries got out of this cycle.
If the ones that were able to break this cycle (today’s advanced countries) did this by finding new resources and exploiting them, this would make it difficult for today’s underdeveloped countries, since they cannot follow the same method now. It is too late for them. And there is a good chance that that was the factor that made it possible for today’s advanced countries to break this cycle. What I mean is, if the age of discovery, and the following colonialism was the cause for the capital accumulation, and therefore the rapid advancement of today’s developed countries, then this is not an option for today’s underdeveloped counties anymore.
Then, what is going to happen? Does this viewpoint make it conceivable for the advanced countries to try and crush the population increase of the underdeveloped countries via other means?
Whatever comes to mind are not moral options. But morality is not the issue here. If there is a life and death situation, humans are known to ignore morality.
There is already antipathy in the rich countries towards the poor and underdeveloped ones. This always existed, and it is increasing lately. I think it is possible for this to turn into another wave of fascism in the world, and create people who will condone massacres towards the underprivileged. And this may receive surprising amount of support from the public in the advanced countries in the future.
In fact, I think this already started on a small scale. At this time, it is only directed towards the immigrants that come from the poor countries to the developed ones. Both in Europe, and in the United States, there is a growing anger towards immigrants. And anti-immigrant views become more popular every day.
It is conceivable that at some point, this may turn into views that would involve solving the problem at its source.
I believe humanity may be on the brink of an unprecedented period of cruelty and fascism.